The Unified Patent Court
About the Court
The Unified Patent Court (UPC) is a court common to the Contracting Member States and thus part of their judicial system. A Contracting Member State is an EU Member State having ratified the UPC Agreement.
The UPC will have exclusive competence in the Contracting Member States in respect of European patents and European patents with unitary effect (Unitary Patents). The exclusive competence as regards Europeans patents will however be subject to exceptions during a transitional period of seven years.
The Court comprises a Court of First Instance, a Court of Appeal and a Registry. In addition, the UPC Agreement provides for (1) a Patent Arbitration and Mediation Centre and (2) a Training Center.
The UPC is an international organization having the following governing bodies: the Administrative Committee, the Budget Committee and the Advisory Committee.
- Role: appointing judges and adopting rules and regulations of the Court,
- Composition: representatives of the Contracting Member States and other relevant observers (including the European Commission).
- Role: adopting the Court’s budget,
- Composition: representatives of the Contracting Member States and other relevant observers.
- Role: assisting in the appointment and training of judges of the Court,
- Compositions: patent judges and practitioners in patent law from the Contracting Member States. The members of the Advisory Committee are independent from the Contracting Member States that have proposed them.